Why is Kaynardzha a Place of Peace
The Russian-Turkish wars of the 18th and 19th centuries have an interesting history: as a fact logy, as actors, as a result of international importance. Such is the Russian-Turkish War of 1768-1774, which ends with the signing of the Kyuchyuk- Kaynardzha peace treaty.
Together with the Karlovy Vary Peace Treaty of 1699, the Kyuchyuk- Kaynardzha Peace Treaty of 1774 opened and placed for solution the so-called “Eastern Question”; deepens the crisis in Turkey and boosts the national liberation struggles of the oppressed peoples: Greeks, Serbs, Bulgarians, Wallachians, Moldavians, Bosnians, Montenegrins, Croats, Tartars, Georgians, Ossetians, Kabardines etc., breaking away from the Ottoman Empire and creating its own nation states. Many of the terms of the treaty entitle Russia to patronize the oppressed Christian peoples in the Ottoman Empire by saving them from genocide and assimilation. The Kyuchyuk- Kaynardzha Treaty is a document that sets the international relations in a huge geographic dimension: the Middle East, the Caucasus, the Crimea, the Balkan Peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean in particular, and in Europe as a whole in the middle of the 18th century. Therefore there is no historian who deals with this period of world history that does not cite this document as a peculiar origin or starting point, looking at the world before and after 1774.
Read more and bibliography: The Kyuchyuk- Kaynardzha Peace Treaty – Essence and Meaning (pdf, 93kb)