The reason

Why is Bucharest a Place of Peace

The Treaty of Bucharest signed on 18/28 May 1812 ended the Russo – Turkish war which started in 1806. The Russo- Turkish war started in 1806, with Tsar Alexander I ordering his troops to cross the Dniester and occupy the Romanian Principalities of Walachia and Moldova. In spite of initial reassurances given by the Russian empire that it “did not seek to gain any territory from Turkey”, the Russian Tsar ultimately obtained the approval of the French sovereign regarding the occupation of the two Romanian Principalities, in case the Russians won the war with the Turks. Stratford Canning, a British diplomat and Ambassador at Constantinople (1818 – 1812), has contributed to arranging the Treaty of Bucharest between Turkey and Russia. The treaty included the annexation of Bessarabia by Russia. The Russians also secured amnesty and a promise of autonomy for the Serbs. The implementation of the treaty has been forestalled by a series of disputes, while Turkish troops invaded Serbia again the next year.

The Treaty of Bucharest, signed on 10 August 1913 ended the Second Balkan War. The troubled regional context of the First and Second Balkan Wars was seen by Romania as an opportunity to have a say in this conflict. Through the Bucharest Peace Treaty, Bulgaria was given a small part of Macedonia and a strip of the Aegean coastline containing the port of Dedeağaç (Alexandroúpolis). Serbia got northernand central Macedonia whileGreecereceivedsouthern Macedonia and Romania thesouthern part of Dobruja,thecity of Silistra included. Another important consequence of the Second Balkan War is the fact that Bulgaria had maintained the desire to regain what it had lost, this representing the core motivation for Bulgaria’s diplomacy and involvement in World War I.

The treaty of Bucharest/Buftea on 7th May 1918 was concluded, on the one side, between Romania and the Central Powers, on the other hand, as a result of the stalemate reached after the campaign of 1916 – 1917 and Romania’s isolation on the Eastern front after Russia’s unilateral exit from World War I. The terms of the treaty were highly unfavourable to Romania. Through the treaty, Bucharest had to return Southern Dobruja and the southern part of Northern Dobruja to Bulgaria. The rest of the Dobruja province was placed under the joint control of the Central Powers, leaving the Danube Delta to Romania. The commercial road to Constanta was also placed under the control of the Central Powers. The treaty was denounded in October 1918 and nullified by the terms of the Armistice of 11 November 1918 as well as by the treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) and Neuilly-sur-Seine. Romania’s border with Hungary was settled through the Treaty of Trianon (1920).

Read more and bibliography: The Peace Treaties of Bucharest (pdf, 72kb)

Discover the stories of Manuc’s Inn

Hanul lui Manuc dates back to 1806, when Manuc, a very rich and well known diplomat decided to build an inn with an interesting architectural style. Manuc ends up mediating between the Russian and the Turkish armies. The peace treaty signed on the 16th of may 1812 made the inn famous. The inn was not only a place for travellers to rest, it was also a meeting place for the political parties.

Visit the Royal Palace and the National Museum

The history of the Royal Palace goes back to the first half of the 19th century when, on the site of the present Royal Palace, there was a building constructed in 1820 by order of Dinicu Golescu. The original building was turned in 1837 into the court of Prince Alexandru Ghica, and, successively, home of Alexandru Ioan Cuza (the first prince of the United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia) and residence of Prince Carol I Most of the present structure dates back, however, to 1937, when Carol II decided to have the palace rebuilt, mostly due to the fact the former structure (parts of it) burned in a fire in 1926.

Find one of the jewels of the Brâncovenesc style

The Mogoşoaia Palace is not located in Bucharest proper, but some 15 kilometers from the capital. However, by its historical background, cultural significance and leisure opportunities it makes available, it is one of the most notable tourist sights in the surroundings of Bucharest, and it is well worth a visit by tourists who want to search out in depth the major sights nearby the capital of Romania. The palace was built under Constantin Brâncoveanu and, despite the fact the date when the construction works started remains unknown, what is certain is the works were completed in 1702.

How to arrive

Location

Manuc’s Inn (Hanul lui Manuc) is located in the old town, near the Union Square (Piața Unirii), one of the largest squares in central Bucharest. The nearest metro station is “Piața Unirii” served by M1, M2 and M3 lines. Buses 104, 123, 124, 385 are also an option to get there.

The Royal Palace is home to the National Museum of Art of Romania. It is well served by public transportation. RATB: Sala Palatului – 178; Luterană – 126, 368; Bd. N. Bălcescu – 122, 268, 300, 368; Grădina Cișmigiu or Universitate – 122, 137, 336, 601. Subway line M2 can also be used with stations Piața Romană and Universitate at close distance.

Mogoșoaia Palace is situated about 15 kilometres from Bucharest city centre. The best way to reach it by public transportation is to use subway line M4 and exit at Parc Bazilescu station. Then take bus 460 to the palace.

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Bucareste: 44.436100, 26.102700

What to Eat

Discover the rich flavours of Romania

Romanian dishes were influenced by a wide variety of cultures. The Romanian cuisine adopted different dishes from different countries: From Greece we adopted “musaca”, from Bulgaria “zacusca” etc. However our culture developed interesting dishes, despite being influenced. Here are some of our most traditional dishes:

Papanasi are a traditional desert in Romania. They are made of sweet dough covered in jam and cream.

Mici are a type cylindrical meatballs, usually grilled and served with mustard. Romanians cook mici during festivals due to the popularity and taste of the dish.

Sarmale (cabbage rolls) are a very popular dish in Romania. The spices, mixed meat and pickled cabbage gives the dish an unique taste. This dish is mostly consumed during winter.

Things to Do

Be active around Bucharest

  • Visit the second-largest administrative building in the world

  • Experience the greatest music

  • Get some fun at the tropical garden

The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Dealul Arsenalului in central Bucharest (Sector 5), it is the second-largest administrative building in the world, after the Pentagon in the United States.

The Romanian Athenaeum (Romanian: Ateneul Român) is a concert hall in the center of Bucharest, Romania and a landmark of the Romanian capital city. Opened in 1888, the ornate, domed, circular building is the city’s main concert hall and home of the “George Enescu” Philharmonic and of the George Enescu annual international music festival.

Therme is the largest recreation, wellness and entertainment centre in Europe. The recreational centre has one of the largest tropical gardens in Romania.

Where to Stay

Relax after the visit

JW Marriott Bucharest Grand Hotel

Location
With historic elegance and refined luxury, this hotel inspires extraordinary experiences in Romania. Its staff is dedicated to providing every visitor with first-class service. The hotel is a short distance away from the city’s famed Old Town, next to Parliament Palace and easy access to Bucharest’s most popular attractions.
Calea 13 Septembrie 90,
Bucharest 050726

Contact Info
Phone: +40 21 403 0000
Internet: jw-marriott-bucharest-grand-hotel

Hilton doubletree

Location

Hotel DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Bucharest is situated in the very centre of Bucharest, very close to historical sites and malls.
Str. Nerva Traian nr. 3A, sector 3
Bucharest 031041

Contact Info
Phone:  +40 21 200 6270
E-Mail: BUHDT_reservations@hilton.com
Internet: hilton-bucharest-unirii-square

Ibis

Location

Ibis Hotel is situated very close to most important tourist attractions in Bucharest. Its strategic placement also allows easy access to public transportation means.
Str. Izvor, Nr. 82-84, sector 5,
Bucharest

Contact Info
Phone: +40 21 401 1011
E-Mail: H5938-RE@accor.com
Internet: hotel-palatul-parlamentului-city

Useful Information

Take note of this important piece of data

  • Address

    Hanul lui Manuc: Str. Franceza nr. 62, Bucharest 030106
    Royal Palace: Calea Victoriei nr. 49-53, Bucharest 010063
    Mogoșoaia Palace: Str. Valea Parcului nr. 1, Mogoșoaia 077135

  • Phone

    Hanul lui Manuc: +4 076 907 58 44
    Royal Palace: +4 021 313 30 30; + 4 021 314 81 19
    Mogoșoaia Palace: +4 021 350 66 19; +4021 350 66 20