Why is Trenčín a Place of Peace
The conflict between the King of Bohemia, John of Luxemburg and Polish King, Kasimir III had necessarily to end.
The Treaty of Trenčin was concluded on 24th August 1335 between the King Kasimir III of Poland and the King John of Bohemia as well as his son Charles IV.
This Treaty consecrated the transfer of suzerainty over the former Polish province of Silesia to the Kingdom of Bohemia, integrated the Duchies of Silesia into the Bohemian Crown while King John and his son Charles in turn finaly waived their claims to the Polish trone. The agreement would be confirmed, when the rulers met in the Congress of Visegrad later in November 1335.
The treaties agreed at the meeting of the three rulers at Trenčin Castle were gradually signed at the following dates : the 3rd September 1335, the 19th November 1335, the 22nd November 1335, the 26th November 1335, the 3rd December and the 6th January 1336.
Subsequently, the three kings, John of Luxemburg (Czech), Charles Robert (Hungarian) and Kazimir III (Polish) met in Visegrad on the Danube river, presently in Hungary.
On 3th September 1335 was signed the Czech-Hungarian Alliance Treaty and the next Alliance Treaty was signed in the next months in Visegrad.
A period of peace and economic prosperity was the main result of the Treaty of Trenčin.
The Treaty of Trenčin, as one part of Triple Alliance Visegrad Negotiations, aimed also at the unification of trade, taxes and trade routes. So this Triple Alliance was a miniature precursor of the future European Union.
Read more and bibliography: The Treaty of Trenčin (pdf, 636kb)