Why is Kaynardzha a Place of Peace
In 1774 this place had been crucial to the victory of Russia over the Ottoman Empire in the 1768-1774 War and nowadays it represents a true “Place of Peace”.
The fifth Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774) was proclaimed by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire -Mustafa III against the Russian Empire. At the end of the war the throne belonged already to Sultan Abdul Hamid I. The Russian Empress Catherine II – the Great – imposed her victory by signing “Kyuchuk- Kaynardzha Peace Treaty” on 21st July 1774 between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. The treaty, written in Italian, Turkish and Russian, was signed and certified by the Field-Marshal Rumyantsev Rumyantsev and the Great Vizier Musul Zade Mehmed Pasha. In honor of this event a water well was built in 1892 and declared as a historical and architectural monument.
The Treaty of Kyuchuk Kaynardzha (Küçük Kaynarca) proclaimed Russia as a defender of Christians and Christianity in the Ottoman Empire and guaranteed Russia access to the Black Sea.